Future Orientation and the Ability to Delay Rewards (Psychosocial Development)

This study demonstrates that youth, more so than adults, lack consideration of future consequences. While these findings speak to issues of mitigation and culpability, they also suggest that youth’s difficulty in thinking about long-term consequences may make them vulnerable to being coerced into waiving Miranda rights or making a statement.

Laurence Steinberg et al., Age Differences in Future Orientation and Delay Discounting, 80 Child Dev. 28 (2009).

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